News Round Up

WORLD POPULATION:  7,945,471,541

POLITICS & POLICIES

April 21st, 2022: The White House, ahead of its May 12 virtual Global Covid-19 Summit, is asking countries, companies and philanthropies to help fight the pandemic worldwide. https://www.politico.com/newsletters/global-pulse/2022/04/21/what-the-white-house-wants-00026641 

April 7th, 2022: On Thursday, April 7, 2022, U.S. Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary Xavier Becerra and World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus held a joint press conference on World Health Day. https://www.hhs.gov/about/news/2022/04/07/remarks-by-hhs-secretary-becerra-during-joint-press-conference-on-world-health-day-with-world-health-organization-director-general-dr-tedros-adhanom-ghebreyesus.html 

March 16th, 2022: Comparing responses to COVID-19 and the Ukraine war points to a difficult future for global health https://www.thinkglobalhealth.org/article/four-failures-and-invasion 

PROGRAMS, CONFERENCES, GRANTS, AWARDS & EVENTS

April 27th, 2022: The University of Kentucky International Center’s Office of Global Health Initiatives hosted a virtual panel discussion noon Wednesday, April 27, focused on treating patients from Afghanistan and Ukraine. https://uknow.uky.edu/professional-news/office-global-health-initiatives-host-panel-treating-patients-ukraine-and 

April 19th, 2022: On Friday April 22nd, the State University of New York hosted a global health research symposium supported by the Office of the Senior Vice President for Research of Downstate Health Sciences University. https://www.buffalo.edu/ubnow/briefs/2022/04/suny-global-health-conference.html 

April 7th, 2022: World Health Day on April 7 celebrates and advocates for health globally. For World Health Day 2022, the World Health Organization is highlighting Our Health, Our Planet and health as a human right. https://www.taskforce.org/why-we-care-about-our-health-our-planet/ 

HISTORICAL, REPORTS, DOCUMENTS, DATA & INDEXES

April 19th, 2022: India’s air quality data, removed at the last minute from the WHO Air Quality database update just prior to its launch two weeks ago, has been restored again to the online repository. https://healthpolicy-watch.news/india-air-pollution-data-restored-to-who-air-quality-database/ 

April 15th, 2022: Native American researchers are turning long-held traditions into novel public health solutions. https://magazine.jhsph.edu/2022/healing-historical-trauma 

RESEARCH

April 1st, 2022: The consequences of the dissemination of misinformation about COVID-19 vaccines overflows distrust and hesitation into an entire public health project. https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanam/article/PIIS2667-193X(22)00063-1/fulltext 

April 19th, 2022: Fractionating COVID-19 Vaccine Doses May Save Lives https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2791211 

DISEASES & DISASTERS

April 26th, 2022: Testing for COVID-19 has fallen by 70% to 90% across the world, making it more difficult for the global health community to monitor the evolution of the pandemic, treat patients, and track variants, according to Dr. Bill Rodriguez, chief executive officer of FIND, a co-convener of the Access to COVID-19 Tools Accelerator “diagnostics pillar.” https://www.devex.com/news/covid-19-testing-sees-massive-decline-leaving-countries-vulnerable-103128 

April 6th, 2022: As the COVID-19 Pandemic Enters the Third Year Most Adults Say They Have Not Fully Returned to Pre-Pandemic ‘Normal’ https://www.kff.org/other/press-release/as-the-covid-19-pandemic-enters-the-third-year-most-adults-say-they-have-not-fully-returned-to-pre-pandemic-normal/ 

TECHNOLOGY

April 26th, 2022: Vaccine-derived polio is on the rise. A new vaccine aims to stop the spread https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2022/04/26/1092867458/vaccine-derived-polio-is-on-the-rise-a-new-vaccine-aims-to-stop-the-spread 

April 12th, 2022: A single dose of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine provides as much protection against cervical cancer as the standard three-dose regimen, a new study finds. https://www.usnews.com/news/health-news/articles/2022-04-12/study-finds-just-one-dose-of-hpv-vaccine-may-be-enough 

CLIMATE CHANGE & ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

April 4th, 2022: Almost the entire global population (99%) breathes air that exceeds WHO air quality limits, and threatens their health. https://www.who.int/news/item/04-04-2022-billions-of-people-still-breathe-unhealthy-air-new-who-data 

EQUITY & DISPARITIES

April 14th, 2022: The Clinton Health Access Initiative selected Dr. Neil Buddy Shah as its new CEO Thursday, a sign of the global health organization’s move towards growth in low- and middle-income nations and use of new philanthropic efforts to help fund the expansion. https://www.seattletimes.com/business/clinton-health-access-initiative-names-shah-as-new-ceo/ 

April 5th, 2022: Global groups propose pandemic plan costing $10 billion a year. https://www.reuters.com/business/healthcare-pharmaceuticals/global-groups-propose-pandemic-plan-cost-10-bln-year-2022-04-05/ 

WOMEN, MATERNAL, NEONATAL & CHILDREN’S HEALTH

April 29th, 2022: A study recently completed at the University of Helsinki revealed that the fungal microbiota in the gut is more abundant and diverse in children treated with antibiotics compared with the control group even six weeks following the start of the antibiotic course. In light of the findings, a reduction in the number of gut bacteria as a result of antibiotic therapy reduces competition for space and leaves more room for fungi to multiply. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/04/220429145038.htm

May 6th, 2022: Over the past three decades, birthrates have declined for women in their 20s and jumped for women in their late 30s and early 40s. Older mothers discuss the benefits of having children later in life, with more wisdom and resources to help them and their children. https://www.usnews.com/news/us/articles/2022-05-06/motherhood-deferred-us-median-age-for-giving-birth-hits-30

April 4th, 2022: Physicians may be able to determine if menopause-related bone loss is already in progress or about to begin by measuring the level of a hormone that declines as women approach their final menstrual period, new UCLA research finds. https://scitechdaily.com/levels-of-a-hormone-could-predict-or-detect-bone-loss-in-premenopausal-women/

HUMANITARIAN, NONPROFITS, FOUNDATIONS & NGOS

April 30th, 2022: The UN’s Humanitarian Country Team in Yemen on Saturday, released its Response Plan (HRP) for this year, seeking nearly $4.3 billion to reverse a steady deterioration across the country, the grinding war there continues, despite a current pause in fighting. https://news.un.org/en/story/2022/04/1117332

News Round Up

WORLD POPULATION:  7,938,036,870

POLITICS & POLICIES

March 17th, 2022: The Biden administration wants the World Health Organization to improve global equity in the next public health emergency by pushing manufacturers to voluntarily share their products and technology. www.politico.com/news/2022/03/17/u-s-global-health-tech-sharing-next-pandemic-00017977 

March 17th, 2022: The COVID-19 pandemic unleashed unprecedented health and economic crises that put trade relations among countries under stress. A rush to secure essential supplies in the pandemic’s early stages prompted much hand-wringing over global interdependence and how it could undermine nascent efforts to respond to a once-in-a-century shock. Yet, two years on, the trading system has not only proved itself more resilient than many expected, but it has also emerged as a crucial ally in the fight against the pandemic. https://www.thinkglobalhealth.org/article/three-lessons-trade-and-health 

March 17th, 2022: The dean of Brown University School of Public Health, Dr. Ashish K. Jha, M.D., a globally recognized expert on pandemic preparedness and response, will take leave for a temporary assignment to serve as the next White House coronavirus response coordinator.  In succeeding Jeffrey Zients, Jha will lead the response of the entire U.S. government to the COVID-19 pandemic, while also advancing the nation’s global health priorities and policies. https://www.brown.edu/news/2022-03-17/jha 

March 16th, 2022: Indonesia is calling on the International Monetary Fund to take on the role of preparing finances for the next global health emergency. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2022-03-16/indonesia-calls-on-imf-to-set-up-global-health-crisis-fund 

March 9th, 2022: Just as a large swath of the American public, 62%, said that the worst of the pandemic was behind us, nearly half were worried about easing covid-related restrictions — like indoor masking — too soon. The poll, conducted in February, found that 49% of adults were either “very worried” or “somewhat worried” that lifting pandemic restrictions would cause more virus-related deaths in their communities.  About 50% were “not too worried” or “not at all worried” that death tolls would rise in their communities. https://khn.org/news/article/covid-risk-new-cdc-guidelines-mixed-feelings-reaction/ 

March 7th, 2022: Just as a large swath of the American public, 62%, said that the worst of the pandemic was behind us, nearly half were worried about easing covid-related restrictions — like indoor masking — too soon. The poll, conducted in February, found that 49% of adults were either “very worried” or “somewhat worried” that lifting pandemic restrictions would cause more virus-related deaths in their communities. About 50% were “not too worried” or “not at all worried” that death tolls would rise in their communities. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2022/03/omicron-teaches-us-that-global-challenges-require-global-solutions-here-is-how-to-start/ 

March 3rd, 2022: Top U.S. federal health officials said Thursday that they intended to begin offering low and middle-income nations access to the technology developed by government scientists that might be used to prevent or treat COVID-19. https://www.nytimes.com/live/2022/03/03/world/covid-19-tests-cases-vaccine#fauci-us-health-officials-tech-covid 

PROGRAMS, CONFERENCES, GRANTS, AWARDS & EVENTS

March 8th, 2022: USAID announces $150 million to stimulate and accelerate the development of vaccines and other countermeasures against biological threats https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/press-releases/mar-8-2022-usaid-announces-150-million-stimulate-and-accelerate-development

HISTORICAL, REPORTS, DOCUMENTS, DATA & INDEXES

October 27th, 2016: This PrimeView highlights the complex nature of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. https://www.nature.com/articles/nrdp201677 

October 26th, 2009: Renewed efforts in tuberculosis (TB) research have led to important new insights into the biology and epidemiology of this devastating disease. Yet, in the face of the modern epidemics of HIV/AIDS, diabetes, and multidrug resistance—all of which contribute to susceptibility to TB—global control of the disease will remain a formidable challenge for years to come. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2745564/ 

RESEARCH

April 1st, 2022: Scientists at Northwestern Medicine are using new advances in CRISPR gene-editing technology to uncover new biology that could lead to longer-lasting treatments and new therapeutic strategies for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/04/220401160537.htm 

March 30th, 2022: Spread of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) B.1.1.529 (omicron) variant, which led to increased U.S. hospitalizations for coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19), generated concern about immune evasion and the duration of protection from vaccines in children and adolescents. https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa2202826?query=featured_coronavirus 

September 17th, 2021: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused widespread disruptions to tuberculosis (TB) care and service delivery in 2020, setting back progress in the fight against TB by several years. https://jech.bmj.com/content/jech/76/3/310.full.pdf 

May 1st, 2021: Nature waded through the literature on the coronavirus — and summarized key papers as they appeared.  https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00502-w 

June 21st, 2018: By studying rats in a smarter way, scientists are finally learning something useful about why some drinkers become addicted and others don’t. https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/06/a-landmark-study-in-the-origins-of-alcoholism/563372/ 

DISEASES & DISASTERS 

March 29th, 2022: A sub-variant of the highly transmissible Omicron version of coronavirus known as BA.2 is now dominant worldwide, prompting surges in many countries in Europe and Asia and raising concern over the potential for a new wave in the United States. https://www.reuters.com/business/healthcare-pharmaceuticals/omicron-stealth-covid-variant-ba2-now-dominant-globally-2022-03-29/ 

March 24th, 2022: Each year we commemorate World Tuberculosis Day to raise public awareness about the devastating health, social and economic consequences of tuberculosis (TB) and to step up efforts to end the global TB epidemic. https://www.who.int/campaigns/world-tb-day 

March 9th, 2022: Almost 500 million people have been infected with the coronavirus since March 2020 and new variants are still a threat. This Friday marks two years since the World Health Organization (WHO) characterized the global spread of COVID-19 as a pandemic. https://news.un.org/en/story/2022/03/1113632 

March 4th, 2022: According to recent data, more than one billion people worldwide are obese, including 650 million adults, 340 million adolescents and 39 million children. With the numbers still increasing, WHO estimates that by 2025, approximately 167 million people will become less healthy because they are overweight or obese. https://news.un.org/en/story/2022/03/1113312 

TECHNOLOGY

March 8th, 2022: Prime Minister Boris Johnson today announced that DIOSynVax, a biotech spinout of the University of Cambridge, will receive $42 million to develop a vaccine candidate that could provide protection against both existing and future variants of SARS-CoV-2 – the virus that causes COVID-19 – as well as other major coronaviruses, including those that cause SARS and MERS. https://www.news-medical.net/news/20220308/Biotech-spinout-receives-2442-million-to-develop-future-proofed-coronavirus-vaccines.aspx 

CLIMATE CHANGE & ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

March 8th, 2022: An under-researched field exploring the intersection of pollution and mental health is gaining momentum as evidence mounts that environmental pollutants damage every organ in our bodies—including our brains. https://www.ehn.org/air-pollution-and-mental-health-2656823544/water-pollution-and-mental-health   

March 2nd, 2022: Heads of State, environment ministers and other representatives from 175 nations, endorsed a historic resolution at the UN Environment Assembly in Nairobi on Wednesday to end plastic pollution, and forge an international legally binding agreement, by the end of 2024. https://news.un.org/en/story/2022/03/1113142 

EQUITY & DISPARITIES

March 10th, 2022: The World Health Organization’s new Global Health Facilities Database will be a key resource to help countries provide access to healthcare services for all populations.  The COVID-19 pandemic has revealed urgent gaps in countries’ current ability to locate health facilities, impeding progress to provide equitable access to therapeutics, diagnostics, and vaccinations through the ACT-Accelerator and other initiatives. https://www.who.int/news/item/10-03-2022-who-global-health-facilities-database-ensuring-access-to-primary-healthcare-and-uhc 

March 10th, 2022: We still do not have the full picture of the nature and spread of COVID-19 in many low- and middle-income countries. What we do know is that their general population remains largely unvaccinated and susceptible to new variants, a situation that is exacerbated where there is rising conflict and population migration. https://www.devex.com/news/opinion-it-s-time-to-smash-the-bottlenecks-to-global-health-care-102795 

March 7th, 2022: People in poorer countries are still waiting for vaccines, but the leaders of global health organizations have a new priority: preparing for the next pandemic. https://www.politico.com/news/magazine/2022/03/07/covid-global-health-next-pandemic-00014384 

WOMEN, MATERNAL, NEONATAL, CHILDREN & ADOLESCENT HEALTH

March 30th, 2022: Research provides potential treatment opportunities for chorioamnionitis. https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/scitranslmed.abl8574

March 29th, 2022: A major new study in Radiology shows that artificial intelligence (AI) is a promising tool for breast cancer detection in screening mammography programs. https://pubs.rsna.org/doi/10.1148/radiol.212381

March 28th, 2022: Use of disinfectants by pregnant women may be a risk factor for asthma and eczema in their children, finds a population study, published online in Occupational & Environmental Medicine. https://oem.bmj.com/content/early/2022/03/03/oemed-2021-108034

HUMANITARIAN, NONPROFITS, FOUNDATIONS & NGOS

March 15th, 2022: A mix of the COVID-19 pandemic, climate change, and ongoing conflicts have fueled a substantial increase in the need for worldwide humanitarian assistance and protection. According to a recent United Nations (UN) overview, 274 million people will require aid in 2022, up from 235 million people last year. Assistance for 183 million people most in need across 63 countries will require $41 billion, according to the UN and its partners. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2789957\ 

March 8th, 2022: RIT and the Global Health Association @ RIT are partnering with humanitarian organization InterVol in an urgent donation drive to aid the people of Ukraine affected by the Russian invasion. https://www.rit.edu/news/global-health-association-holds-donation-drive-ukraine-intervol 

News Round Up

WORLD POPULATION:  7,932,922,456

POLITICS & POLICIES

February 17th: Efforts to strengthen global health security will only succeed if the role of the World Health Organization (WHO) is enhanced, the agency’s head said on Thursday, as its biggest donor, Washington, proposed a new global pandemic prevention fund. https://www.reuters.com/business/healthcare-pharmaceuticals/who-must-be-bolstered-strengthen-global-health-security-says-tedros-2022-02-17/

PROGRAMS, CONFERENCES, GRANTS, AWARDS & EVENTS

February 2nd: An Indiana University-led global health program developed in Kenya is expanding to help improve health in new locations in Ghana and Mexico. https://news.iu.edu/stories/2022/02/iu/releases/02-ampath-global-health-network-adds-sites-mexico-ghana.html 

February 22nd: Dr. Paul Farmer, global health champion, Harvard Medical School professor, anthropologist and co-founder of the nonprofit health organization Partners in Health, has died at age 62. https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2022/02/21/1082117707/global-health-champion-dr-paul-farmer-has-died 

HISTORICAL, REPORTS, DOCUMENTS, DATA & INDEXES

May 24, 2011: Quinine remains an important anti-malarial drug almost 400 years after its effectiveness was first documented. However, its continued use is challenged by its poor tolerability, poor compliance with complex dosing regimens, and the availability of more efficacious anti-malarial drugs. https://malariajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1475-2875-10-144 

In 2019, the top 10 causes of death accounted for 55% of the 55.4 million deaths worldwide.  The top global causes of death, in order of total number of lives lost, are associated with three broad topics: cardiovascular (ischaemic heart disease, stroke), respiratory (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lower respiratory infections) and neonatal conditions – which include birth asphyxia and birth trauma, neonatal sepsis and infections, and preterm birth complications. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/the-top-10-causes-of-death 

Life expectancy is the key metric for assessing population health. Broader than the narrow metric of the infant and child mortality, which focus solely at mortality at a young age, life expectancy captures the mortality along the entire life course. It tells us the average age of death in a population. https://ourworldindata.org/life-expectancy

January 11th: Poverty was such a persistent reality in humanity’s history up to the 18th century, that it was unimaginable that it could ever be different, but it is possible to leave widespread poverty behind. https://ourworldindata.org/history-of-poverty-has-just-begun

March 11th: Weekly U.S. Influenza Surveillance Report https://www.cdc.gov/flu/weekly/index.htm

RESEARCH

January 7th: High-dose rifamycins in the treatment of TB: a systematic review and meta-analysis https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34996847/ 

January 25th: Identification of Key Determinants of Cerebral Malaria Development and Inhibition Pathways https://journals.asm.org/doi/full/10.1128/mbio.03708-21

January 28th: HIV and SARS-CoV-2: Tracing a Path of Vaccine Research and Development https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11904-021-00597-4

February 9th: Researchers confirm newly developed inhaled vaccine delivers broad protection against SARS-CoV-2, variants of concern https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/02/220209112136.htm 

February 16th: Magnitude and determinants of male partner involvement in PMTCT service utilization of pregnant women attending public health facilities of Ethiopia, 2021: a systematic review and meta-analysis https://aidsrestherapy.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12981-022-00436-5 

Effectiveness of Maternal Vaccination with mRNA COVID-19 Vaccine During Pregnancy Against COVID-19–Associated Hospitalization in Infants Aged <6 Months — 17 States, July 2021–January 2022 https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/71/wr/mm7107e3.htm

DISEASES & DISASTERS

Chagas disease is a parasitic, systemic, and chronic disease caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, with risk factors strongly link to low socioeconomic factors. https://www.paho.org/en/topics/chagas-disease

February 18th, 2020: Leishmaniasis is a vector borne disease that is transmitted by sand flies  and caused by obligate intracellular protozoa of the genus Leishmania. https://www.cdc.gov/parasites/leishmaniasis/biology.html

June 11th, 2021: Cardiovascular Diseases https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/cardiovascular-diseases-(cvds)

December 7th, 2021: Countries with regulations protecting people from industrially produced trans fat tripled over the past year https://www.paho.org/en/news/7-12-2021-countries-regulations-protecting-people-industrially-produced-trans-fat-tripled-over 

February 4th: Discovery of HIV variant shows virus can evolve to be more severe and contagious https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2022/02/04/1078035844/discovery-of-hiv-variant-shows-virus-can-evolve-to-be-more-severe-and-contagious

February 23rd: What you need to know about the coronavirus pandemic https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2022/02/covid19-top-news-omicron-coronavirus-23-february-2022/

TECHNOLOGy

March 2nd: Covid-19 Vaccine Effectiveness against the Omicron (B.1.1.529) Variant https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa2119451

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH 

February 28th: Scientists: US needs to support a strong global agreement to curb plastic pollution https://www.ehn.org/us-plastics-2656802114/plastic-action-kit                         

EQUITY & DISPARITIES                                                                

December 3, 2021: Afro-descendants in Latin American countries live in starkly unequal conditions that impact health and well-being, PAHO study shows  https://www.paho.org/en/news/3-12-2021-afro-descendants-latin-american-countries-live-starkly-unequal-conditions-impact                     

February 3rd: Strapped for Time and Resources: Fighting Stroke in Rural South Africa https://www.globalhealthnow.org/2022-02/strapped-time-and-resources-fighting-stroke-rural-south-africa                                                                                                      

February 9th: ACT-Accelerator calls for fair share-based financing of US$ 23 billion to end pandemic as global emergency in 2022 https://www.who.int/news/item/09-02-2022-act-accelerator-calls-for-fair-share-based-financing-of-usdollar-23-billion-to-end-pandemic-as-global-emergency-in-2022                 

February 16th: The Center for Global Health Innovation Announces Award of $9.8 Million Grant to Address Vaccine Hesitancy in 7 States https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20220216005492/en/The-Center-for-Global-Health-Innovation-Announces-Award-of-9.8-Million-Grant-to-Address-Vaccine-Hesitancy-in-7-States 

WOMEN, MATERNAL, NEONATAL & CHILDREN’S HEALTH                

February 1st: Zika Virus in Children https://www.drugs.com/cg/zika-virus-in-children.html

February 22nd: Adolescent psychological well-being tied to adult risk of cardiovascular disease, study finds. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/02/220222135446.htm

February 23rd: Targeted by Politicians, Trans Youth Struggle With Growing Fear and Mental Health Concerns https://khn.org/news/article/transgender-youth-mental-health-targeted-by-politicians/

March 3rd: California Could OK Abortions by Solo Nurse Practitioners https://www.usnews.com/news/health-news/articles/2022-03-03/california-could-ok-abortions-by-solo-nurse-practitioners

HUMANITARIAN, NONPROFITS, FOUNDATIONS & NGOS

Time to go big: Promoting an equitable economic recovery https://www.gatesfoundation.org/ideas/articles/equitable-economic-recovery-strategy

Improving monitoring capacity in humanitarian and fragile settings in the Eastern Mediterranean Region of WHO http://hopkinshumanitarianhealth.org/research/projects/improving-monitoring-capacity-in-humanitarian-and-fragile/ 

Consortium of Universities of Global Health Conference

Are you interested in global health and public health education? If you haven’t already registered for the Consortium of Universities of Global Health upcoming conference, you should look into their 2022 Virtual Conference, “Healthy People, Healthy Planet, and Social Justice” from March 28th to April 1st. https://www.cugh2022.org

News Round Up

World Population:  7,925,799,538           

Politics & Policies

December 27, 2021: The UN could have been forgiven for saying ‘I told you so’ when it became clear in November that a fast-spreading COVID-19 variant, named after the Greek letter Omicron, was a cause for concern, seemingly spreading far more quickly than the dominant Delta variant.  But whilst the fears were understandable, the arrival of Omicron shouldn’t have been a surprise, given the consistent warnings from the UN that new mutations were inevitable, given the failure of the international community to ensure that everyone, not just the citizens of wealthy countries, are vaccinated. https://news.un.org/en/story/2021/12/1108442 

January 1, 2022: The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed flaws in the ability of our global health architecture to prevent and respond to pandemic threats. In a momentous evolution, which may have gone unnoticed amid other debates, the global fund made pandemic preparedness and response part of its evolving mandate upon adopting its new strategy in November. https://www.devex.com/news/opinion-why-the-global-fund-must-take-on-pandemic-preparedness-102385 

Programs, Conferences, Grants, Awards & Events

January 20, 2022: Indonesia will push for the creation of a new global health agency while the country holds the presidency of the G20, President Joko Widodo said Thursday at the virtual Davos forum. https://www.france24.com/en/live-news/20220120-indonesia-to-push-for-new-global-health-agency-president-says 

Historical, Reports, Documents, Data & Indexes

World Population Growth: https://ourworldindata.org/world-population-growth

January 21, 2022: Weekly U.S, Influenza Surveillance Report: https://www.cdc.gov/flu/weekly/index.htm 

The 1918 Pandemic (H1N1 Virus): https://www.cdc.gov/flu/pandemic-resources/1918-pandemic-h1n1.html

The sum of mortality and morbidity is referred to as the ‘burden of disease’ and can be measured by a metric called ‘Disability Adjusted Life Years‘ (DALYs). DALYs are measuring lost health and are a standardized metric that allow for direct comparisons of disease burdens of different diseases across countries, between different populations, and over time. The first ‘Global Burden of Disease’ (GBD) was GBD 1990 and the DALY metric was prominently featured in the World Bank’s 1993 World Development Report. https://ourworldindata.org/burden-of-disease

State of the Climate: Global Climate Report for Annual 2021: https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/global/202113

Click to access the USAID digital strategy 2020-2024

Research

Tuberculosis Research: https://www.niaid.nih.gov/diseases-conditions/tuberculosis

December 8, 2020: The global HIV/AIDS scientific community has begun to hail the dawn of ‘the End of AIDS’ with widespread anti-retroviral therapy (ART) and dramatic declines in AIDS-related mortality. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17441692.2020.1851743 

January 4, 2022: After more than four decades of basic research and clinical trials, the World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended the MALARIA vaccine RTS,S for widespread use among children living in malaria endemic areas. https://www.jci.org/articles/view/156588 

January 18, 2022: In a new study of the ZIKA VIRUS, Northwestern University scientists have discovered a key mechanism used by the virus to evade the antiviral response of the cell it is attacking. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/01/220118154849.htm 

January 22, 2022: ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE (AMR) is a major cause of death globally, with a burden likely to be higher than that of HIV or malaria, according to the most comprehensive assessment of bacterial AMR to date published in The Lancet. The data presented in this analysis are striking: in 2019, the deaths of 4·95 million people were associated with drug-resistant bacterial infections. 1·27 million deaths were directly caused by AMR. For the first time, the study provides estimates for 204 countries and territories, as well as data for the regional impacts of AMR. https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(22)00091-5/fulltext 

February 1, 2022: A computational study shows that dozens of mutations help the virus’ spike protein evade antibodies that target SARS-CoV-2. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/02/220201143956.htm 

Diseases & Disasters

December 14, 2021: At today’s WHO COVID-19 press conference, the WHO Director-General, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, stated that Omicron is in at least 77 nations and is spreading faster than any prior COVID variant.  https://www.idsociety.org/science-speaks-blog/2021/how-is-omicron-outcompeting-delta-so-quickly-six-possibilities-to-consider/ 

December 23, 2021: In 2021, nine countries in the WHO African Region (Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic (CAR), Côte d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Ghana, Niger, Nigeria, and Republic of Congo,) reported human laboratory confirmed cases of yellow fever (YF) in areas that are at high risk for the disease and have a history of YF transmission and outbreaks. https://www.who.int/emergencies/disease-outbreak-news/item/yellow-fever—west-and-central-africa 

January 11, 2022: The United States reported 1.35 million new coronavirus infections on Monday, according to a Reuters tally, the highest daily total for any country in the world as the spread of the highly contagious Omicron variant showed no signs of slowing. https://www.reuters.com/business/healthcare-pharmaceuticals/us-reports-least-11-mln-covid-cases-day-shattering-global-record-2022-01-11/ 

January 14, 2022: The Republic of Botswana has been in the news recently for being the first nation in the world to detect the omicron variant of COVID-19 – a testament to the rigor of the country’s virus sequencing efforts. While perhaps less visible, Botswana also made news recently for being the first country with a high HIV burden to effectively eliminate the mother-to-child transmission of HIV. https://www.usnews.com/news/best-countries/articles/2022-01-14/what-botswana-can-teach-the-world-about-solving-a-health-crisis 

January 15, 2022: Nations around the planet are making a subtle but consequential pivot in their war against the coronavirus: crushing the virus is no longer the strategy. Many countries are just hoping for a draw.  It’s a strategic retreat, signaled in overt and subtle ways from Washington to Madrid to Pretoria, South Africa, to Canberra, Australia. Notably, few countries today outside of China — which is still locking down cities — cling a to “zero-covid” strategy. https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/2022/01/15/living-with-the-virus/ 

January 16, 2022: When the first consignment of COVID-19 vaccines arrived in Rumbek, the capital of Lakes State in South Sudan, WHO State Polio Officer Dr. Jiel Jiel was prepared. In support of the Ministry of Health, and in collaboration with partners, he had been working for weeks to help coordinate the vaccine rollout, using skills gained from working to eradicate polio. https://www.who.int/news-room/feature-stories/detail/polio-team-s-support-for-covid-19-vaccination-demonstrates-their-value-for-global-health 

January 20, 2022: More than 1.2 million people died worldwide in 2019 from infections caused by bacteria resistant to antibiotics, according to the largest study of the issue to date. This is more than the annual death toll from malaria or Aids.  Poorer countries are worst affected but antimicrobial resistance threatens everyone’s health, the report says. https://www.bbc.com/news/health-60058120

Technology 

January 12, 2022: In India, only 1% to 8% of breast cancer patients are diagnosed in the early, stage 1 period of the disease, compared with 60% to 70% in the United States.  NIRAMAI Health Analytix, a startup technology company based in India, has developed a hand-held device to screen for breast cancer. https://www.devex.com/news/how-technology-can-revolutionize-women-s-health-care-102411 

January 12, 2022: Vaccines are powerful in preventing serious illness and death from COVID-19, including from the omicron variant. But, to save as many lives as possible, the world needs other prevention strategies and effective treatments. The FDA recently authorized one, a pill called molnupiravir, developed by Ridgeback Biotherapeutics and Merck. A second antiviral pill from Pfizer, called paxlovid, also has been authorized.        https://sph.unc.edu/sph-news/the-pills-to-fight-covid-19/ 

Environmental Health 

January 19, 2022: Not everyone has access to health-sustaining fuel sources, creating a crisis of “energy poverty,” where lack of access to modern energy sources is driving three billion people worldwide to wood, dung, charcoal, or other solid fuels for cooking and heating. https://www.ehn.org/energy-justice-2656210086/saving-lives-through-reduced-solid-fuel-use

Equity & Disparities 

March 26, 2021: The pandemic has been responsible for an outbreak of violence and hate directed against Asians around the world, blaming them for the spread of COVID-19. During this surge in attacks, the perpetrators have made their motives clear, taunting their victims with declarations like, “You have the Chinese Virus, go back to China!” and assaulting them and spitting on them. https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2021/03/26/980480882/why-pandemics-give-birth-to-hate-from-black-death-to-covid-19 

October 8, 2021: Over the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, analyses of federal, state, and local data have shown that people of color (POC) have experienced a disproportionate burden of cases and deaths. https://www.kff.org/racial-equity-and-health-policy/issue-brief/covid-19-cases-and-deaths-by-race-ethnicity-current-data-and-changes-over-time/ 

January 7, 2022: Vaccine Equity and Global Economic Recovery https://www.cfr.org/event/vaccine-equity-and-global-economic-recovery 

Women, Maternal, Neonatal & Children’s Health

December 20, 2021: A new study, the largest of its kind to date, finds the first genetic causes of sudden unexplained death in children (SUDC).                https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2021/12/211220190653.htm

January 3, 2022: An olfactory receptor typically associated with the sense of smell may also trigger breast cancer cells to metastasize through a signaling pathway to the brain, bones and lung. Future research could potentially lead to an inhibitor of OR5B21 to prevent cellular invasion and metastasis, thus prolonging the lives of breast cancer patients. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/01/220103145440.htm

January 26, 2022: A personal story about the impact of the “Everyone will get COVID” mentality on families with immunocompromised children with disabilities. https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2022/01/26/1075549754/covid-disabled-immunocompromised

January 21, 2022: Pediatricians, as the clinicians most intensively trained and experienced in children’s health, are the natural leaders of child primary health care within the medical home. The American Academy of Pediatrics encourages policymakers to include pediatricians when they are crafting decisions that affect children. https://www.healthychildren.org/English/news/Pages/Pediatricians-Key-in-Policy-Decisions-That-Affects-Children-.aspx

Humanitarian, Nonprofits, Foundations & NGOs

October 21, 2021: Earlier this month, the U.S. pharmaceutical company Merck announced that it was seeking emergency use authorization for a new drug, molnupiravir, to treat mild to moderate cases of COVID-19, after reporting positive results in a Phase III trial. It’s a milestone in the world’s ongoing fight against the virus because, if approved, it would be the first novel antiviral COVID-19 treatment in oral form. https://www.gatesfoundation.org/ideas/articles/molnupiravir-covid-19-drug-access

January 6, 2022: JTF-Bravo medics perform Guatemala global health engagement. https://www.southcom.mil/MEDIA/NEWS-ARTICLES/Article/2891024/jtf-bravo-medics-perform-guatemala-global-health-engagement/