News Round Up

Politics & Policies

The outbreak of COVID-19, with staggeringly high numbers of cases and deaths both domestically and globally, is already causing policymakers to initiate a post-mortem on how the global and domestic response went wrong.

Controlling the spread of infectious diseases requires multilateral cooperation. The objective of the first International Sanitary Conference in Paris in 1851 was to reduce to a safe minimum the conflicting and costly maritime quarantine requirements of different nations. Possibly the first binding international convention of the modern era addressed cholera. It came into force in Venice in 1892.

As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to spread globally, the urgent need for greater surveillance, equipment, personnel, testing, and laboratory capacity to save lives and contain the spread of the virus continues to grow.

Global health is about big saves and lofty goals like universal health coverage and ending epidemics. This is why global health attracts lots of professionals from diverse fields (including me). But in the race to save lives, the field of global health tends to ignore a big risk: burnout. It was a concern long before the Covid-19 pandemic, and might get worse because of the ongoing crisis.

Programs, Grants & Awards

Four new IntraHealth International and the University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill summer fellows completed their projects in gender-based violence, data, and reproductive health this month.

On 30 June, the Exemplars in Global Health (EGH) was launched to broadly share lessons from positive outliers in global health. EGH is incubated at Gates Ventures, the private office of Bill Gates, in collaboration with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. EGH brings together experts, funders, and collaborators around the world with the mission of identifying positive global health outliers, analyzing and understanding what makes these countries successful, and disseminating the core learnings so they can be replicated in comparable settings.

Research

A study by scientists from the University of Southampton has examined the chances of catching COVID-19 in a train carriage carrying an infectious person.

Data for front-line health-care workers and risk of COVID-19 are limited. We sought to assess risk of COVID-19 among front-line health-care workers compared with the general community and the effect of personal protective equipment (PPE) on risk.

The development of a safe and effective vaccine will likely be required to end the COVID-19 pandemic. A group of scientists, led by Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) immunologist Dan H. Barouch, MD, PhD, now report that a leading candidate COVID-19 vaccine developed at BIDMC in collaboration with Johnson & Johnson raised neutralizing antibodies and robustly protected non-human primates (NHPs) against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. This study builds on the team’s previous results and is published in the journal Nature.

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) reportedly infected otolaryngologists disproportionately in the early parts of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. Recommendations from national and international health organizations suggest minimizing the use of flexible laryngoscopy as a result.

Diseases & Disasters

Tuberculosis kills 1.5 million people each year. Lockdowns and supply-chain disruptions threaten progress against the disease as well as H.I.V. and malaria. It begins with a mild fever and malaise, followed by a painful cough and shortness of breath. The infection prospers in crowds, spreading to people in close reach. Containing an outbreak requires contact tracing, as well as isolation and treatment of the sick for weeks or months.

There may be new trouble ahead for states that had gotten COVID-19 under control after the March and April surges but are now seeing case numbers drift up.

Bans on international travel cannot stay in place indefinitely, and countries are going to have to do more to reduce the spread of the novel coronavirus within their borders, the World Health Organization said.

COVID-19 is a precedent-shattering monster of a pandemic. There’s never been anything quite like it.  Historians of public health have struggled mightily to find apt comparisons to our current pandemic. They’ve landed most often on the Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918. On the surface, their reasoning makes sense: A lethal virus quickly spreads globally and infects millions.

Technology 

In March and April 2020, an ecosystem of tracing apps suddenly emerged, presenting digital solutions as indispensable for winning the battle against Covid-19.

GHTC is tracking research and development (R&D) efforts to combat SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). SARS-CoV-2 emerged in late 2019 in the Hubei province of China. Since then, it has caused a global pandemic. Here is a list of R&D efforts in which GHTC member organizations are involved.

Leading infectious  disease expert Anthony Fauci said  that the progression from sequencing the coronavirus to getting Moderna’s potential vaccine into its phase three trial “is the best we, in the United States, have ever done.”

As the world races to develop a vaccine for COVID-19, researchers at the Australian National University (ANU) have discovered a vital clue as to why malaria vaccines keep failing, which could potentially change how vaccines for the deadly disease and others are made.

Environmental Health

Christiana Figueres, a former diplomat and longtime climate change leader, sees optimism as a key solution for climate change. In fact, her whole brand is optimism.

The United States will increasingly face complex, challenging scenarios, given the confluence of our two most pressing global health threats — the rapid emergence of the Covid-19 pandemic and the insidiously evolving climate crisis. Both these crises disproportionately harm the health of vulnerable and economically disadvantaged people, including those affected by structural racism.

There is no doubt that natural disasters are increasing in frequency and intensity as a result of climate change. Such hazards, scientists warn, are likely to intersect with the COVID-19 outbreak and the public-health response, including by compounding stress on health-care systems, depleting emergency-response resources, and undermining people’s ability to adhere to social distancing. They will exacerbate and be exacerbated by both the unfolding economic crisis and long-standing socioeconomic disparities, both within countries and across regions.

Equity & Disparities

As soon as the first COVID-19 vaccines get approved, a staggering global need will confront limited supplies.

Ten years on since the United Nations General Assembly officially recognized the human right to water and sanitation, 1 in 10 people — 785 million in all — still lack access to clean water close to home.

From Louisville to London, the call for social justice has reached fever pitch worldwide as multicultural voices decry police brutality and the disparities that imperil Black lives. Amid the mainly peaceful protests, colonial monuments are falling and global consciousness is rising — even in Idlib, Syria, where a mural on a bombed building memorializes George Floyd.

Women, Maternal, Neonatal & Children’s Health

An estimated 1 in 3 children — roughly 800 million — around the world are poisoned with lead at levels associated with decreased intelligence and developmental challenges.

The study by Timothy Roberton and colleagues (July, 2020),1 which modelled the indirect effects of COVID-19 on maternal and child mortality in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), highlights potential consequences of disruptions to routine health care and decreased access to food.

Transmission of COVID-19 from mother to baby during pregnancy is uncommon, and the rate of infection is no greater when the baby is born vaginally, breastfed or allowed contact with the mother, according to a new study. The research also found that babies that did test positive for COVID-19, were mostly asymptomatic. The findings are published in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

 

News Round Up

Politics & Policies

The World Health Organization’s annual oversight convention was held by teleconference recently, as the worst pandemic in modern history continues around the globe.

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/05/17/857206256/unprecedented-world-health-assembly-convenes-online-as-pandemic-rages

World Health Organization (WHO) member states have agreed to set up an independent inquiry into the global response to the coronavirus pandemic. The resolution, approved without objection by the WHO’s 194-member annual assembly meeting virtually in Geneva, also allows for the inquiry to look into the health body’s own role.

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-52726017

Domestic travel restrictions and a general lack of coordinated funding — not shortages of personal protective equipment — are the biggest constraints to accessing the world’s most vulnerable communities in the midst of the coronavirus pandemic, humanitarian leaders said Monday.

https://www.devex.com/news/travel-restrictions-funding-gaps-a-bigger-problem-than-ppe-humanitarian-leaders-say-97217

As parts of the United States and Europe consider reopening, most of the world’s population remains susceptible to the coronavirus. We look at new efforts to stop the deadly spread of COVID-19 with contact tracing.

https://www.democracynow.org/2020/4/23/dr_joia_mukherjee

Loyce Pace, current president and executive director of Global Health Council, releases an opinion piece on Devex titled “The end of global health advocacy as we know it”

https://www.devex.com/news/opinion-the-end-of-global-health-advocacy-as-we-know-it-97302

President Trump has threatened to withdraw funding from the World Health Organization, accusing it of mismanaging the coronavirus pandemic, particularly in its early stages as it emerged in China. This BBC article looks at some of the charges President Trump has levelled against the WHO and the health body’s responses.

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-52294623

Programs, Grants & Awards

At this month’s meeting of the 73rd World Health Assembly —its first-ever to be held virtually—delegates adopted a landmark resolution to bring the world together to fight the COVID-19 pandemic.

https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/19-05-2020-historic-health-assembly-ends-with-global-commitment-to-covid-19-response

The DGHI, established in 2006, is working hard to keep current students going, and some classes have shifted to focus on the coronavirus pandemic. Meanwhile, the institute is looking ahead to a possible increase in applications.

https://www.dukechronicle.com/article/2020/05/duke-university-how-global-health-institute-adapted-pandemic-coronavirus

Research

International experts have advised the World Health Organization (WHO) to work to identify the animal origins of the virus behind the COVID-19 pandemic and its transmission to humans, the UN agency said.

https://news.un.org/en/story/2020/05/1063072

One prominent research group, Harvard’s Global Health Institute, proposes that the U.S. should be doing more than 900,000 tests per day as a country.

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2020/05/07/851610771/u-s-coronavirus-testing-still-falls-short-hows-your-state-doing

While the COVID-19 pandemic will increase mortality due to the virus, it is also likely to increase mortality indirectly. In this study, we estimate the additional maternal and under-5 child deaths resulting from the potential disruption of health systems and decreased access to food.

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/langlo/article/PIIS2214-109X(20)30229-1/fulltext

Enrollment in several clinical trials of chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine — including two by the University of Washington — has been anemic so far. Fewer than 260 volunteers, out of a target of 2,000, have signed up for a $9.5 million UW study being conducted in Seattle and six other sites across the country. Another multi-site project coordinated by the UW has only about 30 patients enrolled.

https://globalhealth.washington.edu/news/2020/05/11/clinical-trial-enrollment-plummets-volunteers-are-scared-coronavirus-drugs-promoted

In most of the world, the Aedes aegypti mosquito is notorious for biting humans and spreading dengue, Zika, and other viruses. But in Africa, where the mosquito is native, most Aedes prefer to suck blood from other animals, such as monkeys and rodents. A new study suggests, though, that their taste for humans may rapidly expand—and with it their ability to spread disease.

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/05/mosquitoes-taste-human-blood-may-grow-african-cities-expand

Toddlers with congenital Zika syndrome have severe developmental delays, researchers report.  In a study that covered a five-year period, researchers found that children in Brazil with congenital Zika syndrome who had microcephaly at birth suffered severe mental delays.

https://consumer.healthday.com/diseases-and-conditions-information-37/zika-1007/zika-virus-tied-to-profound-developmental-delays-757407.html

An herbal tonic developed in Madagascar and touted as a cure for COVID-19 could fuel drug-resistant malaria in Africa, scientists warn. Several African countries have said they are placing orders for the brew, whose efficacy has yet to be shown.

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/05/unproven-herbal-remedy-against-covid-19-could-fuel-drug-resistant-malaria-scientists

For the first time in the post-war history of epidemics, there is a reversal of which countries are most heavily affected by a disease pandemic. By early May 2020, more than 90% of all reported deaths from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have been in the world’s richest countries; if China, Brazil, and Iran are included in this group, then that number rises to 96%.

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)31089-8/fulltext

Diseases & Disasters

Italy was the first European country to be hit hard by the pandemic — its intensive care units inundated and its elderly dying in droves before the tsunami reached Spain, France, the United States or Britain. And so Italy is also ahead in coming to grips with the long duration of the illness and the lasting consequences for some survivors.

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/10/world/europe/coronavirus-italy-recovery.html

For the first time in over 100 years, people all over the world are fighting a common public health enemy: COVID-19. Yet, even as we pour resources into fighting this new pandemic, there is an urgent need to keep up the fight against an age-old enemy: malaria, which continues to cause immense suffering and death among some of the world’s most vulnerable populations.

https://www.globalhealthnow.org/2020-04/malaria-services-must-be-maintained-amid-covid-19-pandemic

Technology 

As coronavirus vaccines hurtle through development, scientists are getting their first look at data that hint at how well different vaccines are likely to work. The picture, so far, is murky.  On 18 May, US biotech firm Moderna revealed the first data from a human trial: its COVID-19 vaccine triggered an immune response in people, and protected mice from lung infections with the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. The results — which the company, based in Cambridge, Massachusetts, announced in a press release — were widely interpreted as positive and sent stock prices surging. But some scientists say that because the data haven’t been published, they lack the details needed to properly evaluate those claims.

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-01092-3

Landmark review of the role of artificial intelligence (AI) in the future of global health published in The Lancet calls on the global health community to establish guidelines for development and deployment of new technologies and to develop a human-centered research agenda to facilitate equitable and ethical use of AI.

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2020/05/200519165844.htm

Environmental Health

Air pollution exposure has been linked to coronary heart disease.  This prospective cohort study aimed to investigate associations between long-term exposure to air pollution and MI incidence, adjusting for road traffic noise.

https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/doi/full/10.1289/EHP5818

Equity & Disparities

On April 29, UNICEF published a discussion paper comparing the probable downstream effects of COVID-19 in developed and developing countries. High-income and upper-middle-income countries have borne the brunt of deaths associated with COVID-19 so far, and they are now seeing diminishing mortality rates. Countries across the world are easing lockdown restrictions. But, as this UNICEF paper outlines, for populations least affected by the disease itself, but for whom food insecurity, hunger, and malnutrition are already prevalent and critical problems, the worst might be yet to come.

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/langlo/artcle/PIIS2214-109X(20)30228-X/fulltext

The number of older people in lower income countries is growing. These countries’ health systems are not designed to care for people with chronic conditions. They are more focused on single, acute diseases. This may need to change towards more individual-based health care for chronic conditions. This is why it’s important to establish if multi-morbidity is also an issue in lower income countries.

https://qz.com/africa/1860255/people-in-poor-countries-are-living-longer-but-with-more-diseases/

In nearly half a million American homes, washing hands to prevent COVID-19 isn’t as simple as soaping up and singing “Happy Birthday” twice while scrubbing. In many of those homes, people can’t even turn on a faucet. There’s no running water.

https://khn.org/news/millions-stuck-at-home-with-no-plumbing-kitchen-or-space-to-stay-safe/

Women, Maternal, Neonatal & Children’s Health

The decision to close schools was among the first action that many states took to stave the impending pandemic and was based on a strong theoretical foundation. Children are typically at greatest risk of infectious diseases, and they transmit them to each other and their families with considerable speed.

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapediatrics/fullarticle/2766113

There are reports that the coronavirus lockdowns around the world are leading to a catastrophic rise in domestic violence.

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2020/may/12/we-wrap-services-around-women-brazils-innovative-domestic-violence-centre

Doctors have described children with covid-19 coming into emergency rooms in bad shape with a kind of inflammatory shock syndrome affecting multiple organs.  Some were screaming from stomach pain. Others had bubbles, or swelling, in the arteries of their hearts.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/2020/05/06/kawasaki-disease-coronavirus/

The UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) estimates that 116 million babies have been born since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, and on Thursday called for governments to maintain lifesaving services for pregnant women and newborns that are under increasing threat from strained health services and supply chains.

https://news.un.org/en/story/2020/05/1063422

 

COVID-19 Resources for the Global Health Community

We will share resources for the global health community on COVID-19 here. This page will be updated regularly. Please bookmark this page. If you have a resource to share, please email ihsection.communciations@gmail.com 

To learn more about how the IH section is responding to COVID-19, please visit: https://aphaih.org/covid19response/ 

Last updated: Monday, June 29, 2020

Categories:

  1. APHA’s COVID-19 Information Page
  2. Resources for Sharing with the General Public 
  3. Global Health Policies and Funding
  4. Global Health Focused Newsletters and COVID-19 Resource Lists 
  5. What You Can Do 
  6. Technology Tools
  7. Equity and Inclusion
  8. Medical Journal Resource Centers 
  9. Official Resources
  10. Dashboards and Data
  11. Resources for Health Care Providers, Community Health Workers, and Researchers
  12. Funding Opportunities
  13. Maternal and Child Health

APHA’s COVID-19 Information Resources

On June 24, U.S. News & World Report led a discussion about public health policy in the time of the coronavirus pandemic and intensifying awareness of racism as an urgent public health issue.

Hear insights from Georges Benjamin, executive director of the American Public Health Association; Leana Wen, an emergency physician and visiting professor of health policy and management at George Washington University’s Milken School of Public Health, who previously served as health commissioner for the city of Baltimore; and Anand Parekh, chief medical advisor for the Bipartisan Policy Center, who previously served as deputy assistant secretary at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and worked on a range of public health and policy issues, including emergency preparedness for pandemic influenza.

As the country reopens, how are officials balancing health priorities with policy and economic concerns? What lessons can be learned from responses at the local, state and national levels that might mitigate harm in the future? How can we address systemic racism and the serious health inequities that result?

https://www.usnews.com/news/live-events/webinar-public-health-leadership-and-policy-lessons-from-crisis

APHA is urging the public health community to share science-based information with the public and speaking out for funding and support to respond to the outbreak. The page includes information on what APHA is doing, links to the latest guidance, and fact sheets on what you need to know about COVID-19 that can be shared with the public.

https://apha.org/topics-and-issues/communicable-disease/coronavirus

In light of the current public health emergency caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, the APHA 2020 Annual Meeting and Expo, scheduled for Oct. 24-28 in San Francisco, will be an all-virtual event. Registration will open on July 7.

https://www.apha.org/events-and-meetings/annual

A list of APHA’s priorities during pandemic response 

https://apha.org/-/media/files/pdf/topics/covid/apha_pandemic_priorities.ashx?la=en&hash=EFA7A5939CD07E2EA03DFDF4C524BC0B000B6B84

APHA’s Get Ready campaign has resources that can be shared widely. Includes fact sheets, videos, FAQs, preparation tips, resources for specific audiences, graphics, and videos.

http://aphagetready.org/coronavirus.htm

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Resources for Sharing with the General Public

COVID-19 Expert Reality Check

To help improve understanding of an emerging outbreak’s complex dynamics, Global Health Now has reached out to some of the world’s most respected global health experts for their quick “reality checks” on key issues related to the outbreak.

https://www.globalhealthnow.org/2020-02/coronavirus-expert-reality-check

Hesperian Health Guides Fact Sheets in Multiple Languages

Hesperian Health Guides has Fact Sheets in accessible and clear information on Coronavirus (online and as downloadable/ printable PDFs) in: English, Spanish, French, Chinese, Urdu, Bangla, Filipino, Vietnamese, Bahasa Indonesia, Farsi, Sindhi, Telugu, and Hindi.

https://en.hesperian.org/hhg/Coronavirus

COVID-19 Fact Sheets from the COVID-19 Health Literacy Project

All of our materials are reviewed and vetted by physicians and medical school faculty members at the Harvard hospitals. These materials are created in collaboration with Harvard Health Publishing. These materials are freely available for download and distribution without copyright restrictions.
We currently support 35 languages.

https://covid19healthliteracyproject.com/#languages

Coronavirus Information in Multiple Languages

Washington State has released fact sheets in multiple languages: Amharic, Arabic, Chinese Simplified and Traditional, Hindi, Japanese, Khmer, Korean, Russian, Somali, Spanish, Tagalog, Thai, and Vietnamese.

https://www.doh.wa.gov/Emergencies/NovelCoronavirusOutbreak2020/FactSheet

AA and NHPI In-Language Resources for Coronavirus (COVID-19)

This google spreadsheet is a collection of Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander (AA and NHPI) in-language resources on the novel coronavirus (COVID-19). The resource links have been submitted by national and community-based organizations that work with health & AA and NHPI communities.

https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1XePaKv7Ar59PG7z37QqzIb8WfynEx5BK5ZfK3VLXIJA/edit#gid=1512808134

CDC COVID-19 Communication Resources

CDC offers free resources including video, fact sheets, and posters. Below are links to current communication tools and resources available for use and distribution.

https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/communication/index.html

STOP COVID-19 Infographics by the Slum and Rural Health Initiative 

With our over 60 infographics designs we can empower so many communities in Africa and beyond & give them hope that we will beat the novel coronavirus.

www.tinyurl.com/stopcovid

Jive Media Africa – COVID-19 Posters

In response to the global pandemic, research communication specialists Jive Media Africa have produced a series of posters to grab attention and engage a broad range of public audiences. Download, print or share them now. Available in: Afrikaans, French, IsiZulu, IsiXhosa, Luo, Setwana, Sesotho, Sepedi, SiSwati, Tshivenda, Xitsonga, Yoruba.

https://jivemedia.co.za/science-spaza/haykhona-corona-spreading-the-word-not-the-virus/

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COVID-19 Global Health Policies and Funding

Global Health Council – U.S. and Global Response to COVID-19

Global Health Council has compiled detailed information about what the US government, other governments and WHO are doing to address the spread of COVID-19.

https://globalhealth.org/coronavirus-response-information/

US State Data and Policy Actions to Address Coronavirus

To date, states have taken a number of actions aimed at reducing existing barriers to testing and treatment for those affected. These specific policy actions are compiled below, along with data on current cases and deaths as well as additional state-level data on health coverage and provider capacity within each state, important factors that may play a role in how effectively states respond to this outbreak. These data will be updated regularly and new information will be added in response to the evolving situation.

https://www.kff.org/health-costs/issue-brief/state-data-and-policy-actions-to-address-coronavirus

Donor Funding for the Global Novel COVID-19 Response

While donors have begun providing support to China and other low- and middle-income countries, there is currently no centralized repository for this information. This tracker provides an accounting of publicly available information on donor funding to date. Not included are funding from governments for their own domestic response efforts or commitments focused on economic stimulus or recovery efforts related to the outbreak (such as a $6 billion commitment from the World Bank’s International Finance Corporation or a $50 billion commitment, including $10 billion in zero-interest loans for low-income countries, from the International Monetary Fund).1 It will be updated as needed.

https://www.kff.org/global-health-policy/issue-brief/donor-funding-for-the-global-novel-coronavirus-response/

WHO COVID-19 Response

A list of donors contributing to WHO for the COVID-19 response.

https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/donors-and-partners/funding

USAID Response

Track developments in USAID assistance for COVID-19.

https://www.usaid.gov/coronavirus

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Global Health Focused Newsletters and COVID-19 Resource Lists

Kaiser Family Foundation

The Kaiser Family Foundation sends emails to notify subscribers of new research, reports, polls and data available on our website, as well as to invite you to public briefings.  They also publish a daily newsletter summarizing global health policy news.  

https://www.kff.org/email/

The Center for Strategic and International Studies

The Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) is a bipartisan, nonprofit policy research organization dedicated to advancing practical ideas to address the world’s greatest challenges.

https://www.csis.org/subscribe

Health Security Headlines

A daily digest of news and developments in health security published by John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Center for Health Security. Health Security Headlines is a daily update on US and global health security. The editorial team tracks the most important news, events, developments, research, and policy in the areas that comprise health security: biosecurity and biodefense, medicine and public health, science and technology, domestic preparedness and response, government affairs and national security, and 21st century threats.

http://www.centerforhealthsecurity.org/newsroom/newsletters/hsh/

Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health Friday Letter

The Friday Letter is the Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health’s complimentary, weekly e-newsletter. We feature the latest research, opportunities, and groundbreaking developments from CEPH-accredited schools and programs of public health.

https://www.aspph.org/fridayletter/

Global Health NOW – John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Global Health NOW is an essential daily read for anyone interested in US and global public health. Every weekday, we aggregate and summarize the latest global health news—delivering all the day’s critical stories to your inbox.

https://www.globalhealthnow.org/subscribe

Public Health Awakened and The Spirit of 1848 COVID-19 Resource List

A crowdsourced database to inform a public health response to COVID-19 that centers equity, racial justice, collective care, and community and power building.

https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1mUOmJK_bSP3hlcUYPWsKMsSo_fHQDdnOe5ayECLuxvA/edit#gid=412443731

Resources to support COVID-19 responses in LMICs

Recognizing that guidance has been shared by various agencies but may not be easily accessible to policymakers, practitioners, and other health stakeholders, PATH has compiled this resource page of guidance and model language from across many sources to inform low- and middle- income country responses to COVID-19.

https://www.path.org/programs/advocacy-and-policy/resources-support-covid-19-responses-lmics/

COVID Intervention Tracker

A global team of volunteers, coordinated by researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Boston University School of Public Health, are curating this high-resolution living global data of public health policy interventions to serve as a global resource for researchers and decision makers alike.

https://akuko.io/post/covid-intervention-tracking

COVID-19 R&D Tracker

The Global Health Technologies Coalition is tracking research and development (R&D) efforts to combat SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). SARS-CoV-2 emerged in late 2019 in the Hubei province of China. Since then, it has caused a global pandemic.

https://www.ghtcoalition.org/resources-item/covid-19-r-d-tracker

Brookings Institute COVID-19 Articles

https://www.brookings.edu/topic/coronavirus-covid19/

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What You Can Do

Volunteer with the Medical Reserve Corps

The Medical Reserve Corps (MRC) is a national network of volunteers, organized locally to improve the health and safety of their communities. The MRC network comprises approximately 180,000 volunteers in roughly 860 community-based units located throughout the United States and its territories.

MRC volunteers include medical and public health professionals, as well as other community members without healthcare backgrounds. MRC units engage these volunteers to strengthen public health, improve emergency response capabilities, and build community resiliency. They prepare for and respond to natural disasters, such as wildfires, hurricanes, tornados, blizzards, and floods, as well as other emergencies affecting public health, such as disease outbreaks.

https://mrc.hhs.gov/HomePage

APHA Advocacy Letters

Global Health Preparedness

Recommendations for investing in preparedness by topping up the CDC, USAID, and Defense and State Department health security accounts, investing more in the World Health Organization, the Africa CDC, and the Global Health Security Agenda.

https://thehill.com/opinion/healthcare/482049-stop-coronavirus-and-the-next-epidemic-by-establishing-a-healthy-security

Preparing for COVID-19 in Low and Middle Income Countries: Leveraging U.S. Global Health Assets

To assess where the U.S. government has existing global health assets that could be mobilized when and if needed, we identified all countries that received U.S. government bilateral global health assistance in FY 2018. We also identified LMICs that the U.S. has designated as high-priority for receiving COVID-19 assistance.

https://www.kff.org/global-health-policy/issue-brief/preparing-for-covid-19-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-leveraging-u-s-global-health-assets/

Global Health Security Agenda

The Global Health Security Agenda is an international partnership that works to build capacity to prepare for and respond to infectious disease outbreaks.

https://crsreports.congress.gov/product/pdf/IF/IF11461

COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund

The COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund is hosted by two foundations, the UN Foundation (registered in the United States) and the Swiss Philanthropy Foundation (registered in Switzerland). Donations support WHO’s work to track and understand the spread of the virus; to ensure patients get the care they need and frontline workers get essential supplies and information; and to accelerate efforts to develop vaccines, tests, and treatments. 

https://www.covid19responsefund.org/

CDC Foundation Response Fund

Funds raised by the CDC Foundation through our Emergency Response Fund will be used to meet fast-emerging needs identified by CDC to help respond to the public health threat posed by this virus. These include additional support for state and local health departments, support for the global response, logistics, communications, data management, personal protective equipment, critical response supplies and more.

https://www.cdcfoundation.org/coronavirus

APHA’s Advocacy Webpage

https://www.apha.org/policies-and-advocacy/advocacy-for-public-health

Global Health Advocacy Guide

Produced by the University of California’s Global Health Institute. Guide includes information on how to contact your representatives, meet with congressional representatives, and write an op-ed.

https://www.ucghi.universityofcalifornia.edu/sites/default/files/advocacy-student-guide.pdf

Advocating for Sexual and Reproductive Health Services in COVID-19 Response

COVID-19 threatens to disrupt the delivery of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services in humanitarian and fragile settings. The Inter-Agency Working Group (IAWG) on Reproductive Health in Crisis urges governments, humanitarian actors, and the private sector to work together to incorporate women’s and girls’ access to essential and rights-fulfilling SRH services during the COVID-19 public health response. We have provided a suite of advocacy tools

https://iawg.net/resources/advocating-for-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-in-covid-19-response

Berkeley Media Studies Group: Advocacy Tools

This document outlines BMSG’s four-stage approach to media advocacy planning, a process we call the Layers of Strategy: http://www.bmsg.org/wp-content/uploads/2007/01/bmsg_layers_of_strategy.pdf

Use this worksheet to practice developing messages for your target audience: http://www.bmsg.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/bmsg_message_development_worksheet.pdf

GOTMME stands for Goals, Objectives, Target, Message, Messenger, and
Evaluation, a 6-step strategic planning process that guides communication
efforts aimed at achieving policy change: http://www.bmsg.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/bmsg_gotmme_planning_tool.pdf

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Technology Tools

Global Telehealth Resource Aggregator

A resource directory created for individuals looking to get telemedicine consults, anywhere in the world.

https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1XMsJJIduO6yI_GEo1Vy_b_SXoz9YwbgtEL63-siNS_Q/edit

10 Digital Health Technology Solutions for Global COVID-19 Response

A list of digital health solutions that could be used (or are already being used) to contain the coronavirus. The public solutions spreadsheet is for donors, governments, and health workers to identify new technologies for deployment to contain the coronavirus.

https://www.ictworks.org/digital-health-solutions-covid-response/#.XmpcHpNKhp8

WHO Health Alert brings COVID-19 facts to billions via WhatsApp

The service can be accessed through a link that opens a conversation on WhatsApp. Users can simply type “hi” to activate the conversation, prompting a menu of options that can help answer their questions about COVID-19.

https://www.who.int/news-room/feature-stories/detail/who-health-alert-brings-covid-19-facts-to-billions-via-whatsapp

WHO Academy: COVID-19 App

This is the official World Health Organization mobile learning app for health workers seeking COVID-19 information. Brought to you by the WHO Academy, it focuses on providing them with critical, evidence-based information and tools to improve their skills and capabilities related to the pandemic.

https://www.ictworks.org/download-official-who-covid-19-application/#.Xrr0hhNKhTY

Online COVID-19 Assessment Tool

Emory doctors have helped create a new online tool allowing people everywhere to assess how likely it is that they have contracted the novel coronavirus.

https://c19check.com/start

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Equity and Inclusion

List of Women Experts in Global Health 

Women in Global Health and Women of Color Advancing Peace and Security are compiling a list of expert women who are working to strengthen global, regional, national, and local capacities to prevent, detect, and respond to outbreaks.

https://c8fbe10e-fb87-47e7-844b-4e700959d2d4.filesusr.com/ugd/ffa4bc_440731ea3dfd4985929e7045ee303ab1.pdf

International Disability Alliance Key Recommendations toward a Disability-Inclusive COVID19 Response

In the light of the COVID19 pandemic and with the aim to support a disability-inclusive response to the crisis, International Disability Alliance (IDA) has launched this webpage to share the most recent updates and resources as they become available.

http://www.internationaldisabilityalliance.org/covid-19

Gender and COVID-19 Resources

Content on the gendered impact of COVID-19 from the Interagency Gender Working Group.

https://www.igwg.org/2020/03/gender-and-covid-19-corner

COVID-19: A Gender Lens

Disease outbreaks affect women and men differently, and pandemics make existing inequalities for women and girls and discrimination of other marginalized groups such as persons with disabilities and those in extreme poverty, worse. This needs to be considered, given the different impacts surrounding detection and access to treatment for women and men.

Women represent 70 percent of the health and social sector workforce globally and special attention should be given to how their work environment may expose them to discrimination, as well as thinking about their sexual and reproductive health and psychosocial needs as frontline health workers.

https://www.unfpa.org/resources/covid-19-gender-lens

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Medical Journal Resource Centers

British Medical Journal

This page collects all BMJ coverage of the coronavirus outbreak from across the BMJ’s journals and learning resources. All articles and resources are freely available.

http://www.bmj.com/coronavirus

Elsevier

Here you will find expert, curated information for the research and health community on SARS-CoV-2 (the novel coronavirus) and COVID-19 (the disease). All resources are free to access and include guidelines for clinicians and patients.

https://www.elsevier.com/connect/coronavirus-information-center

Journal of the American Medical Association

Browse the JAMA Network COVID-19 collection, including Q&A’s with NIAID’s Anthony Fauci, an interactive map of the outbreak courtesy of The Johns Hopkins Center for Systems Science and Engineering, and past publications on vaccine development, infection control, and public health preparedness.

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/pages/coronavirus-alert

Lancet 

To assist health workers and researchers working under challenging conditions to bring this outbreak to a close, The Lancet has created a Coronavirus Resource Centre. This resource brings together new 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) content from across The Lancet journals as it is published. All COVID-19 content is free to access.

https://www.thelancet.com/coronavirus

LitCovid

LitCovid is a curated literature hub for tracking up-to-date scientific information about the 2019 novel Coronavirus. It is the most comprehensive resource on the subject, providing a central access to 3368 (and growing) relevant articles in PubMed. The articles are updated daily and are further categorized by different research topics and geographic locations for improved access.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/research/coronavirus/

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Review

Novel Coronavirus Reports

https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/Novel_Coronavirus_Reports.html

Nature

To support urgent research to combat the ongoing outbreak of COVID-19, caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, the editorial teams at Nature Research have curated a collection of relevant articles. Their collection includes research into the basic biology of coronavirus infection, its detection, treatment and evolution, research into the epidemiology of emerging viral diseases, and coverage of current events. The articles will remain free to access for as long as the outbreak remains a public health emergency of international concern.

https://www.nature.com/collections/hajgidghjb

New England Journal of Medicine

A collection of articles and other resources on the Coronavirus (Covid-19) outbreak, including clinical reports, management guidelines, and commentary.

https://www.nejm.org/coronavirus

AMSUS and Military Medicine COVID-19 Journal Articles
In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, AMSUS—The Society of Federal Health Professionals and its international journal, Military Medicine, has created a complimentary collection of relevant publications previously published in the journal between July 1940 and February 2020. These selected articles examine various aspects of infectious diseases, epidemics, and pandemics as analyzed through the lens of military medical experts.

https://academic.oup.com/milmed/pages/covid-19-pandemic

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Official Resources on COVID-19

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Dashboards and Data

WHO Situation Dashboard

https://experience.arcgis.com/experience/685d0ace521648f8a5beeeee1b9125cd

CDC COVID Data Tracker

https://www.cdc.gov/covid-data-tracker/

John Hopkins Bloomberg Dashboard

https://gisanddata.maps.arcgis.com/apps/opsdashboard/index.html?fbclid=IwAR0jwCaN2Ls7RtVoJjlcu3REPJb4VmeYwbyrNghpn7fp9wDc3n44nOdwnL0#/bda7594740fd40299423467b48e9ecf6

University of Washington Virology COVID-19 Dashboard

http://depts.washington.edu/labmed/covid19/

US COVID-19 Projections 

https://covid19.healthdata.org/projections

Estimation of SARS-CoV-2 Infection Prevalence in Santa Clara County

https://medium.com/@jsteinhardt/estimation-of-sars-cov-2-infection-prevalence-in-santa-clara-county-36f9f7daab71

Epidemic Calculator

http://gabgoh.github.io/COVID/index.html

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Resources for Health Care Providers, Community Health Workers, and Researchers

Handbook of COVID-19 Prevention and Treatment

The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine has treated 104 patients with confirmed COVID-19 in the past 50 days, and their experts wrote real treatment experience night and day, and published this Handbook of COVID-19 Prevention and Treatment yesterday, expecting to share their invaluable practical advice and references with medical staff around the world. You can read the handbook in English online or download it for free.

https://drive.google.com/file/d/1GFYb9axy9e-hstAsf0A20STFSLeaxzrU/view

Global Coronavirus COVID-19 Clinical Trial Tracker

http://www.covid-trials.org/

University of California, San Francisco – COVID-19 Updates

Link to lectures hosted by the UCSF School of Medicine on COVID-19.

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCprcipiXNXTzJYJfN02rHsA

Clinical Management Through COVID-19 Webinar Series Recordings

In this special continuing education video series, designed especially for physicians, nurses and other health care providers, Harvard-affiliated moderators interview experts to discuss the symptoms, risks and precautions regarding the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

Information on COVID-19 is evolving daily. The views and perspectives shared in these webinars are given based on the information available at the time of the recording.

https://postgraduateeducation.hms.harvard.edu/continuing-education/covid-19-resources-providers

Infectious Diseases Society of America Guidelines on the Treatment and Management of Patients with COVID-19

There are many pharmacologic therapies that are being used or considered for treatment of COVID-19. There is a need for frequently updated practice guidelines on their use, based on critical evaluation of rapidly emerging literature.

http://www.idsociety.org/practice-guideline/covid-19-guideline-treatment-and-management

COVID-19 Protocols – Brigham and Women’s Hospital

The scale and speed of the COVID-19 pandemic represents an unprecedented scenario in the era of modern medicine. Our knowledge, the available data, and current resources are changing constantly. We are making our guidelines and protocols public in order to share the best of our current understanding with everyone who might benefit, and equally to learn from others’ information and experiences. Please share your practice patterns, new data, other guidelines, and new or missing literature. We hope this pandemic brings with it a new era of collaboration and speed in Evidence-Based Medicine.

https://covidprotocols.org/

COVID-19 Digital Classroom

The COVID-19 Digital Classroom is delighted to announce the launch of our global initiative to provide high-quality, medically reviewed, multimedia content and training courses for community-based health workers and local communities globally.

Curating existing best-in-class resources, and creating new open-source content specifically designed for health workers working in urban and rural settings in low-income countries, the COVID-19 Digital Classroom is a unique collaboration between global partners who are committed to supporting community-based health workers to save lives.

https://covid-19digitalclassroom.org/

List of Canceled Health Conferences

As the novel coronavirus races around the globe, a growing number of conference organizers are cancelling, postponing, or virtualizing their medical meetings, biotech gatherings, and scientific summits.

https://www.statnews.com/2020/03/07/stats-guide-health-care-conferences-disrupted-covid-19

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COVID-19 Funding Opportunities

Grant Opportunities to tackle the Coronavirus Outbreak

A list of recently opened funding opportunities for you to fight the coronavirus outbreak that hit nations globally.

https://www2.fundsforngos.org/listing/grant-opportunities-to-tackle-the-coronavirus-outbreak/

Coronavirus news, funding and resources for global health researchers

The Fogerty International Center’s resource page for global health researchers.

https://www.fic.nih.gov/ResearchTopics/Pages/infectiousdiseases-coronavirus-cov.aspx

COVID-19 Funding Opportunities

The Office of the Vice Provost for Research (VPR) at John Hopkins University is pleased to announce the following funding opportunities specific to COVID-19.

https://hub.jhu.edu/novel-coronavirus-information/research-preparedness/research-preparedness-covid-19-funding-opportunities/

COVID-19 Funding Opportunities by UNC Research

Information about funding opportunities related to the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) will be added to this page as they become available.

https://research.unc.edu/research-development/finding-funding/covid-19/

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Maternal and Child Health

WHO Advice for Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Breastfeeding

Question and answer on COVID-19, pregnancy, childbirth, and breastfeeding.

https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-on-covid-19-pregnancy-childbirth-and-breastfeeding

Voices from the frontline: findings from a thematic analysis of a rapid online global survey of maternal and newborn health professionals facing the COVID-19 pandemic (pre-print)

To prospectively document experiences of frontline maternal and newborn healthcare providers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Design Cross-sectional study via an online survey disseminated through professional networks and social media in 12 languages. We analysed responses using descriptive statistics and qualitative thematic analysis disaggregating by low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and high-income countries (HICs). Setting 81 countries, between March 24 and April 10, 2020. Participants 714 maternal and newborn healthcare providers.

https://www.medrxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.05.08.20093393v1

Understanding Child Health in the Context of COVID-19

The Child Health Task Force is a global network of implementing organizations; NGOs; academic institutions; UN, multilateral, and bilateral agencies; in-country partners; and individuals working together to support the delivery of high quality child health services.

https://www.childhealthtaskforce.org/news/2020/understanding-child-health-context-covid-19

MNCH compendium of COVID-19 related partner resources on women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health

This compendium will be developed as a living repository of the most up to-date guidance from UN agencies, especially WHO, as well as PMNCH’s health care professional association members.

https://www.who.int/pmnch/media/news/2020/guidance-on-COVID-19/en/

Every Woman, Every Child

https://www.everywomaneverychild.org/what-you-need-to-know-about-covid-19/

Women Deliver and COVID-19

Women Deliver is working to put a gender lens on the response to COVID-19, ensuring the unique needs of girls and women are addressed, and their unique expertise is leveraged.

https://womendeliver.org/covid-19-response/

FP 2020 Resources

FP2020 has created this platform to ensure key information from global experts about access to family planning during this crisis is getting into the hands of the decisionmakers and program implementers who need it. Likewise, we will be sharing experiences of our country partners and the lessons they are learning, including how the virus is having an impact on their work and the strategies they are using to continue service delivery.

http://www.familyplanning2020.org/COVID-19

UNFPA

The UNFPA Global Response Plan is fully aligned to and part of the UN Secretary- General’s three-step plan to respond to the devastating socioeconomic impacts of COVID-19. UNFPA’s plan complements the WHO COVID-19 Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan. At the global and regional levels, UNFPA is part of the coordinated UN response under the Inter- Agency Standing Committee (IASC) COVID- 19 Global Humanitarian Response Plan.

https://www.unfpa.org/covid19

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News Round Up

Politics & Policies

One of the hallmarks of an effective foreign policy is that it runs in the background, neither loud nor especially visible. Governments must urgently adopt such an approach to stem the growing global panic caused by the coronavirus outbreak, which has now killed more than 1,300 people and infected in excess of 63,000.

Tedros took office on 1 July 2017 with an ambitious to-do list: Reform WHO, strengthen evidence-based decision-making, highlight the health impact of climate change, and provide 1 billion more people with health coverage. But the epidemic of COVID-19, as the new disease was christened on 11 February, will overshadow all of his stated priorities.

As concerns mount over the coronavirus that first emerged in China, public health officials there and around the globe have launched a massive response.

Amid two global health crises, the Trump administration has proposed cutting $3 billion from the U.S. government’s global health programs in its latest budget request.

In the midst of a growing public health care emergency with the coronavirus and more than 15 years after the SARS epidemic, an international study shows that no country is fully prepared to deal with a potentially deadly outbreak.

Programs, Grants & Awards

The World Health Organization (WHO) comprehensive global review highlights the importance of adequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) for human health.

UnitaidExplore is a new funding mechanism seeking new ideas from across spheres to develop innovations or innovative products that can be modified, repurposed, or re-imagined for the goals of global health. UnitaidExplore is looking to improve existing methods of delivery of oxygen therapy, and through that to improve access to oxygen in low resource settings

Research

In December 2019, an outbreak of COVID-19, an acute respiratory illness caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (also known as 2019-nCoV) was detected in mainland China. Researchers have been tracking the spread of the virus, have developed a diagnostic test for 2019-nCoV and are working on a number of vaccines to protect against 2019-nCoV.

Seasonal influenza virus is a common cause of acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) in young children. In 2008, we estimated that 20 million influenza-virus-associated ALRI and 1 million influenza-virus-associated severe ALRI occurred in children under 5 years globally.

Due to Zika virus, more than 1,600 babies were born in Brazil with microcephaly, or abnormally small heads, from September 2015 through April 2016. The epidemic took health professionals by surprise because the virus had been known since 1947 and was not linked to birth defects.

Diseases & Disasters

The Wuhan coronavirus outbreak is a public health emergency of international concern, the head of the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared, but he warned governments not to impose travel or trade restrictions on China.

Much of global health work focuses on making sure that the medical advances made in high-resource countries get to the patients who need them all around the world, including in poor, underdeveloped or remote areas.

As disasters have changed over the years, so must the personnel who manage these crises.  In 1932, sociologist Lowell Carr first described a predictable pattern of how disasters impact society. Refined over the decades by many researchers, the “disaster cycle” includes four phases: prevention, preparedness, response, recovery and rehabilitation.

The number of people who are infected with the new coronavirus that is spreading from China is dwarfed by those affected by a far more common respiratory illness: seasonal flu.  Every year there are as many as 5 million severe flu cases worldwide and hundreds of thousands of deaths.

Technology 

Medic Mobile announced the creation of Medic Labs, a new global health technology accelerator, with $3 million in seed funding from The Rockefeller Foundation. Medic Labs will pursue moonshot ideas – in the tradition of dedicated R&D arms of major technology companies, including Microsoft Research, Google X, and Bell Labs – to drive better community health outcomes for all people, everywhere, through the intentional, equitable application of data science.

The WHO has its own app to help you keep updated on the latest global health information. The app updates daily with the latest news, feature stories, fact sheets, disease outbreak updates, and public health emergency information.

Tuberculosis (TB) has burdened humanity with symptoms including cough, fever, and emaciation for thousands of years. Today it is the world’s leading infectious disease killer: 10 million people fell ill from TB and 1.5 million died in 2018 alone. Yet only one low-efficacy TB vaccine exists, treatment takes months to years, and improved diagnostics designed specifically for low-resource settings are needed.

Environmental Health

The year-long investigation by EHN found that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has stacked the deck against findings from independent scientists that BPA, as well as many compounds used in “BPA-free” products, can harm people at very low doses.

Equity & Disparities

Low- and middle-income countries could see an 80 percent rise in cancer over the next 20 years if treatment and prevention services are not stepped up, according to the latest World Cancer Report.

In November, the WHO launched a pilot program to boost the availability of insulin worldwide. The idea is to work with insulin manufacturers to increase the global supply — and in the process, potentially drive down the price of the treatment.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 10 percent of global health research is devoted to 90 percent of the global disease burden. WHO research confirms that the majority of diseases in low-income countries are caused by poverty.

Women, Maternal, Neonatal & Children’s Health

A three day awareness campaign on high risk pregnancies was organised in Jhajhar district of Haryana as part of the SMARThealth pregnancy project from Feb 3 to 5, 2020.  This follows a similar exercise done in villages in Guntur for high risk mothers and ASHA workers.  The campaign was part of an endeavour to strengthen post and ante-natal care for pregnant women.  

Poor infection control practices led to an unprecedented HIV outbreak among hundreds of children in Pakistan, according to a recent study.

News Round Up

Politics & Policies

Today, the field of “global health” strives to create equitable and just relationships between wealthy and impoverished regions, places and peoples. But it is still a field with markedly unequal power dynamics: racism, classism and many of the residual exploitations of a terrible colonial past.

In June, a public health professional serving as an International Health Specialist deployed to Iraq as part of Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve.

Global health, a field dedicated to improving the health and wellbeing of the poor and most vulnerable, has quietly developed a penchant for highly-paid management consultants and their business world tools.

One of the greatest threats to public health today, in the United States and around the world, isn’t a new exotic hazard. It’s antibiotic resistance: the potential failure of one of our most important and well-known disease-fighting tools.

The world is not on track to reach the 2020 targets of the End TB Strategy, according to the World Health Organization’s latest Global Tuberculosis Report, published on Thursday.

The nation’s hospital groups sued the Trump administration over a new federal rule that would require them to disclose the discounted prices they give insurers for all sorts of procedures.

Programs, Grants & Awards

More people around the world than ever before led healthy, productive lives in 2018.  It was the year that transmission of wild poliovirus was cornered to the smallest area in history, the first new treatment for relapsing malaria in 60 years was approved, and the number of women in developing countries using modern contraceptives reached record levels. Innovations in sanitation, financial services and healthcare were brought to refugees, a billion people were treated for neglected tropical diseases, and 100 million mobile money accounts across Africa were made interoperable—allowing people to send and receive payments more quickly, safely and affordably.

Inaugural Nipah virus conference convenes leading experts to strengthen global collaboration, improve efforts to combat deadly virus.

Research

Many people under 60 who develop stomach cancer have a “genetically and clinically distinct” disease, new Mayo Clinic research has discovered. Compared to stomach cancer in older adults, this new, early onset form often grows and spreads more quickly, has a worse prognosis, and is more resistant to traditional chemotherapy treatments, the study finds.

Diseases & Disasters

The Samoas, an island nation of 200,000 was unprepared for the 300% increase in measles worldwide. While it had 90% measles vaccine coverage in 2013, that percent had fallen to 30% by 2018.

In 2019, the World Health Organization and partners have responded to 51 emergencies in more than 40 countries and territories and have investigated 440 potential health threats in 138 countries and territories. 

The future of global HIV response must be very different from today’s efforts. It must be youth focused and youth led. Otherwise, many of our successes against HIV may be endangered by the rapid growth of vulnerable youth populations in the highest burden countries.

More than two years after doctors in Jerusalem removed thousands of barklike lesions that had prevented Mahmoud Taluli from using his hands for more than a decade, he continues his battle with a rare, incurable skin condition.

New Zealand has ordered 1,292 square feet of skin to treat patients injured in Monday’s volcanic eruption on White Island, authorities said Wednesday.

Rising temperatures across Asia and the Americas have contributed to multiple severe outbreaks of dengue fever globally over the past six months, making 2019 the worst year on record for the disease.

The Pacific island nation of Samoa will shut down government services for two days so that civil servants can focus on a nationwide immunization drive as the country struggles to end a measles outbreak that has claimed more than 50 lives, most of them children.

Technology 

After more than two decades of research, the world finally has an approved Ebola vaccine.

Researchers have developed a new tool to predict the global spread of human infectious diseases, like dengue, and track them to their source.

Environmental Health

At Boulder High, students are prohibited from smoking cigarettes or vaping electronic cigarettes anywhere on school grounds. But Lewis and other school employees still regularly pluck e-cigarettes from students’ hands or find the used pods scattered all around.

Equity & Disparities

The United Nations said on Tuesday it was procuring food assistance for 4.1 million Zimbabweans, a quarter of the population in a country where shortages are being exacerbated by runaway inflation and climate-induced drought.

Yemen’s civil war has exacted an enormous toll on people with disabilities, who find themselves on the margins of society and excluded from badly needed humanitarian assistance, Amnesty International said in a report released Tuesday.

Women, Maternal, Neonatal & Children’s Health

Children continue to pay a deadly price as they succumb to a nearly three-fold rise in attacks over the last 10 years in conflict-ridden areas, the United Nations has said.

What does it mean that more seasoned pediatricians are also wanting to become more engaged in global health work?  We asked Dr. Suzinne Pak-Gorstein, a pediatric leader in global health efforts, to weigh in with an accompanying commentary.

As technology advances in the things we use every day, it’s generally accepted they also become safer. But according to one UBC engineer, that may not be true for a large portion of the population.

Eastern Ukraine has become one of the most mine-contaminated places on earth, despite recent developments aimed to protect the rights of girls and boys affected by more than five-year-long conflict.